1. The mechanism transformation accelerates and the structure becomes reasonable.
In order to adapt to the situation, China's mold industry in recent years to speed up the pace of the system reform and mechanism transformation, "three-capital" and private enterprises have accounted for industry dominance, equipment level and product level has larger ascension, management has made great progress.Many companies have applied the CAD/CAM/CAE integration technology, 3 d design technology, such as ERP and IM3 information management technology and high speed machining, rapid prototyping, virtual simulation and network technology and many other new and high technology.Through a variety of quality system certification enterprises more than a year.
2. Economies of scale and rapid development of clusters.
In recent years, the scale effect has been paid more and more attention to the development of the specialization of "small and specialized".Do big, in addition to the enterprise makes the scale economic benefit, production mold cluster continually shows its superiority, and "die city", "mould park", "mold production base" and other forms of cluster production rapid development throughout the country.At present, there are over 40 enterprises with annual output of more than 100 million yuan, more than 200 enterprises with more than 30 million yuan, and nearly 50 "mold city" with some influence.The construction of these moulds to the production base has played an active role in promoting the development of China's mould industry.
3. Attach importance to brand patents and strengthen innovative research and development.
Many enterprises are beginning to recognize the importance of "brand" and "patent", and the investment and capability of independent innovation is constantly improving.The mold has been in the "rear" and "passive" position for a long time, so there are few "brands" and "patents".With the development of market economy, enterprises have paid more and more attention to "brand" and "patent" in recent years.Some enterprises have recognized the importance of innovation and research and development, and the investment has been improved rapidly.According to the China mould industry association, in recent years, the proportion of investment and sales revenue of many enterprises in innovation and research has reached about 5%, and some enterprises even reach 8% to 10%.
4. High and new technology, shortage of mold talents.
The mould technology content keeps improving, the mold that belongs to new and high technology product is more and more.With the development of high and new technology, more and more mold production enterprises have been identified as high-tech enterprises by relevant government departments at all levels.According to the preliminary statistics of China model association, there are 7 state-level high-tech enterprises in the mold industry, and there are nearly 100 high-tech enterprises in provincial and municipal level.
Talent shortage is becoming more and more prominent.Although the rapid development of the workforce in China's mould industry in recent years, it is estimated that it has reached nearly one million people, but it still cannot keep up with the development needs of the industry.First, the total amount is insufficient, and the second is not enough quality to adapt to the development of the industry.According to luo hui survey, the mold industry practitioners about gap from 300000 to 500000 people, including engineering and technical personnel account for about 20%, are particularly scarce is high quality and high levels of mold enterprise management personnel and senior technical personnel and senior technical workers.
5. The trade deficit increased and the export prospects were favorable.
Although mould industry in China has been into fast development, but due to the ability of precision, manufacturing cycle and service life, and so on, compared with the international level and the advanced industrial countries have large gap, so also can't meet the needs of manufacturing industry development in our country.Especially in precision, large, complex, long life mold, still in short supply.Therefore, a large number of imports are required each year.
The dependence on foreign capital increases year by year.China's accession to the wto has been over six years, and foreign trade has developed rapidly. The dependence of our economy on foreign trade has increased from 30% to 70%.At the same time, in recent years, with the time of foreign capital into our country, with continuously expand and deepen opening to the outside world policy, foreign investment in China's mold industry is also more and more, which is dependent on foreign capital increase year by year.Guangdong province, for example, is the largest province in China, accounting for about 40% of the country's production capacity.In the province's mold production capacity, foreign-funded enterprises have accounted for about 60%, and joint ventures account for about 10%.The mold export of the province accounts for about 50% of the country, and the export of foreign investment and joint ventures also accounts for the majority of exports.It will have a great impact on the safety of the industry and the economic security of the whole country.
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